General Instructions

Future Developments

For the latest information about developments related to Form 2848 and its instructions, go to www.irs.gov/form2848.

What's New

Representative designations.   Registered tax return preparers and unenrolled return preparers must provide a valid PTIN to represent a taxpayer before the IRS.

Representative signatures.   Form 2848 now provides space for the information and signatures of up to four representatives. For more information, see Line 2. Representative(s), later.

Purpose of Form

Use Form 2848 to authorize an individual to represent you before the IRS. See Substitute Form 2848, later, for information about using a power of attorney other than a Form 2848 to authorize an individual to represent you before the IRS. The individual you authorize must be eligible to practice before the IRS. Form 2848, Part II, Declaration of Representative, lists eligible designations in items (a)-(r). You may authorize a student who works in a qualified Low Income Taxpayer Clinic (LITC) or Student Tax Clinic Program (STCP) to represent you under a special order issued by the Taxpayer Advocate Service. See Students in LITCs and the STCP in Part II. Declaration of Representative, later. Your authorization of an eligible representative will also allow that individual to request and inspect your confidential tax information.

Form 8821.   Use Form 8821, Tax Information Authorization, if you want to authorize an individual or organization to request and inspect your confidential tax return information, but do not want to authorize an individual to represent you before the IRS.

Form 4506T.   Use Form 4506T, Request for Transcript of Tax Return, if you want to authorize an individual or organization to request and inspect transcripts of your confidential return information, but do not want to authorize an individual to represent you before the IRS. Third parties often use this form to verify your tax compliance.

Form 56.   Use Form 56, Notice Concerning Fiduciary Relationship, to notify the IRS of the existence of a fiduciary relationship. A fiduciary (trustee, executor, administrator, receiver, or guardian) stands in the position of a taxpayer and acts as the taxpayer, not as a representative. A fiduciary may authorize an individual to represent or perform certain acts on behalf of the person or entity by filing a power of attorney that names the eligible individual(s) as representative(s) for the person or entity. Because the fiduciary stands in the position of the person or entity, the fiduciary must sign the power of attorney on behalf of the person or entity.

Address information provided on Form 2848 will not change your last known address with the IRS. To change your last known address, use Form 8822, Change of Address, for your home address and Form 8822-B, Change of Address or Responsible Party — Business, to change your business address. Both forms are available at www.irs.gov.

Authorizing someone to represent you does not relieve you of your tax obligations.

Where To File

If you check the box on line 4, mail or fax Form 2848 to the IRS office handling the specific matter.

Otherwise, mail or fax Form 2848 directly to the IRS address according to the Where To File Chart below.

Where To File Chart

IF you live in... THEN use this address... Fax number*
Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, or West Virginia Internal Revenue Service  
5333 Getwell Road 
Stop 8423 
Memphis, TN 38118
855-214-7519
Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, or Wyoming Internal Revenue Service  
1973 N. Rulon White Blvd. MS 6737 
Ogden, UT 84404
855-214-7522
All APO and FPO addresses, American Samoa, nonpermanent residents of Guam or the U.S. Virgin Islands**, Puerto Rico (or if excluding income under Internal Revenue Code section 933), a foreign country: U.S. citizens and those filing Form 2555, 2555-EZ, or 4563. Internal Revenue Service  
International CAF Team 
2970 Market Street 
MS:3-E08.123.  
Philadelphia, PA 19104
855-772-3156 
 
267-941-1017 (Outside the United States)
* These numbers may change without notice. For updates, go to www.irs.gov/form2848 and search under “Recent Developments.
**Permanent residents of Guam should use Department of Taxation, Government of Guam, P.O. Box 23607, GMF, GU 96921; permanent residents of the U.S. Virgin Islands should use V.I. Bureau of Internal Revenue, 6115 Estate Smith Bay, Suite 225, St. Thomas, V.I. 00802.

Authority Granted

Except as specified below or in other IRS guidance, this power of attorney authorizes the listed representative(s) to request and inspect confidential tax information and to perform all acts (that is, sign agreements, consents, waivers or other documents) that you can perform with respect to matters described in the power of attorney. Representatives are not authorized to endorse or otherwise negotiate any check (including directing or accepting payment by any means, electronic or otherwise, into an account owned or controlled by the representative or any firm or other entity with whom the representative is associated) issued by the government in respect of a federal tax liability. Additionally, unless specifically provided in the power of attorney, this authorization does not include the power to substitute or add another representative, the power to sign certain returns, or the power to execute a request for disclosure of tax returns or return information to a third party. See Line 5a. Additional Acts Authorized, later, for more information regarding specific authorities.

Note.

The power to sign tax returns may only be granted in limited situations. See Line 5a. Additional Acts Authorized, later, for more information.

Special Rules for Registered Tax Return Preparers and Unenrolled Return Preparers

Registered tax return preparers and unenrolled return preparers may only represent taxpayers before revenue agents, customer service representatives, or similar officers and employees of the Internal Revenue Service (including the Taxpayer Advocate Service) during an examination of the taxable period covered by the tax return they prepared and signed. Registered tax return preparers and unenrolled return preparers cannot represent taxpayers, regardless of the circumstances requiring representation, before appeals officers, revenue officers, attorneys from the Office of Chief Counsel, or similar officers or employees of the Internal Revenue Service or the Department of Treasury. Registered tax return preparers and unenrolled return preparers cannot execute closing agreements, extend the statutory period for tax assessments or collection of tax, execute waivers, execute claims for refund, or sign any document on behalf of a taxpayer.

A registered tax return preparer is an individual who has passed an IRS competency test. A registered tax return preparer may prepare and sign Form 1040 series tax returns as a paid return preparer. An unenrolled return preparer is an individual other than an attorney, CPA, enrolled agent, enrolled retirement plan agent, enrolled actuary, or registered tax return preparer who prepares and signs a taxpayer's return as the preparer, or who prepares a return but is not required (by the instructions to the return or regulations) to sign the return.

If a registered tax return preparer or an unenrolled return preparer does not meet the requirements for limited representation, you may authorize the registered tax return preparer or unenrolled return preparer to inspect and/or request your tax information by filing Form 8821. Completing Form 8821 will not authorize the unenrolled return preparer to represent you. See Form 8821.

Revocation of Power of Attorney/Withdrawal of Representative

Revocation by taxpayer.   If you want to revoke a previously executed power of attorney and do not want to name a new representative, you must write “REVOKE” across the top of the first page with a current signature and date below this annotation. Then, you must mail or fax a copy of the power of attorney with the revocation annotation to the IRS, using the Where To File Chart, earlier, or if the power of attorney is for a specific matter, to the IRS office handling the matter.

  If you do not have a copy of the power of attorney you want to revoke, you must send the IRS a statement of revocation that indicates the authority of the power of attorney is revoked, lists the matters and years/periods, and lists the name and address of each recognized representative whose authority is revoked. You must sign and date this statement. If you are completely revoking authority, write "remove all years/periods" instead of listing the specific matters and years/periods.

Withdrawal by representative.   If your representative wants to withdraw from representation, he or she must write “WITHDRAW” across the top of the first page of the power of attorney with a current signature and date below the annotation. Then, he or she must provide a copy of the power of attorney with the withdrawal annotation to the IRS in the same manner described in Revocation by taxpayer above.

  If your representative does not have a copy of the power of attorney he or she wants to withdraw, he or she must send the IRS a statement of withdrawal that indicates the authority of the power of attorney is withdrawn, lists the matters and years/periods, and lists the name, TIN, and address (if known) of the taxpayer. The representative must sign and date this statement.

Substitute Form 2848

The IRS will accept a power of attorney other than Form 2848 provided the document satisfies the requirements for a power of attorney. See Pub. 216, Conference and Practice Requirements, section 601.503(a). These alternative powers of attorney cannot, however, be recorded on the CAF unless you attach a completed Form 2848. See Line 4. Specific Use Not Recorded on CAF, later, for more information. You are not required to sign Form 2848 when you attach it to an alternative power of attorney that you have signed, but your representative must sign the form in Part II, Declaration of Representative. See Pub. 216, Conference and Practice Requirements, section 601.503(b)(2).

For more information, see Non-IRS powers of attorney under When Is a Power of Attorney Required? in Pub. 947, Practice Before the IRS and Power of Attorney.

Representative Address Change

If the representative's address has changed, the IRS does not require a new Form 2848. The representative can send a written notification that includes the new information and the representative's signature to the location where you filed the Form 2848.

Additional Information

For additional information concerning practice before the IRS, see:

  • Treasury Department Circular No. 230, Regulations Governing the Practice before the Internal Revenue Service (Circular 230), and

  • Pub. 216, Conference and Practice Requirements.

 
For general information about taxpayer rights, see Pub. 1, Your Rights as a Taxpayer.


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